We use large quantities of materials in both construction and operation of the rail network, and in our transport activities.

Precisely for this reason, we are always working to reduce the environmental impact of the use of raw materials in our activities, paying the maximum attention to the maintenance of infrastructures (tunnels, embankments, bridges, viaducts, stations, technological systems, rolling stock maintenance equipment, etc.) and the servicing and maintenance of trains. 

The materials listed below are used annually in different quantities according to the construction and maintenance of railway lines.

Steel: mainly used in the construction of rails (armament) and structures for electric powered trains (technologies).

Rubble: employed in the construction of railway ballast (ballast).

Pre-stressed concrete sleepers: concrete sleepers are now used instead of wooden sleepers due to their greater durability and lack of environmentally hazardous substances, in contrast to wood impregnated with creosote to protect against biological and atmospheric agents.

Earth and rocks from excavation: in order to reduce the environmental impact of construction activities of new railway lines, we pay great attention to the possibility of re-using earth and rocks from excavations and tunnelling when building railway embankments.

By re-using this material, we can reduce the environmental impact caused by disposing of the earth and avoiding the use of quarries, with the resulting negative impact in terms of the landscape, energy use and atmospheric pollution.