Maintenance of the railway network
Rete Ferroviaria Italiana, a member of the FS Italiane Group that manages the national infrastructure, is responsible for the maintenance of over 16,700 km of network on which approximately 9,000 trains circulate on average every day. To ensure the maintenance of its high standards of safety, reliability, and quality of the railway infrastructure throughout the country, RFI adopts certified maintenance processes and sophisticated diagnostic tools while maintaining a "complex" system that involves both civil engineering projects, such as bridges and tunnels, and the sophisticated technologies that regulate railway circulation.
The results achieved so far have been possible thanks to important investments in maintenance, which in recent years have increased by around 70%, from 1 billion euro in 2012 to 1.7 billion euro in 2017. The careful planning of maintenance activities make it possible to extend the life cycle of the infrastructure, optimizing the initial investment.
There are three types of interventions in the RFI maintenance system:
- Ordinary: maintenance actions to contain the natural wear process of the materials that make up the infrastructure;
- Overtime: actions aimed at renewing and replacing subsystems or components, which determine the reliability, productivity, efficiency and safety of the network;
- Exceptional: unplanned actions as determined by exceptional events and external causes.